TOBACCO-RELATED CANCERS Tobacco carcinogenesis has remained a focus of research during the past 10 years, and various epidemiological and experimental studies have not only confirmed the major role of tobacco smoke exposure in lung and bladder cancers, but have also reported on its association with cancers of various other sites, such as the oral cavity, esophagus, colon, pancreas, breast, larynx and kidney.
Cancers weakly related to smoking. Newer studies have largely focused on the comparative chemistry of Tobacco research paper and sidestream smoke. Tobacco, both product and plant, followed the major trade routes to major ports and markets, and then on into the hinterlands.
Cigar and pipe smoking and cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition. Between pipe and cigarette smokers, no or only minor differences were found in mortality from any cause and the specified smoking-related diseases.
Effect of vitamin E on endothelial vasodilator function in patients with hypercholesterolemia, chronic smoking or both. Gutka is a preparation of crushed betel nut, tobacco, and sweet or savory flavorings. Quantitative Tobacco research paper estimates were obtained by measuring the intimal-medial thickness of the carotid artery in a large longitudinal atherosclerosis risk study of 10, individuals.
At the same time, caravans from Morocco brought tobacco to the areas around Timbuktuand the Portuguese brought the commodity and the plant to southern Africa, establishing the popularity of tobacco throughout all of Africa by the s. Since then, numerous studies have been published that substantiate the strong association of tobacco use with a variety of adverse human health effects, most prominently with cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
Comparison of patterns of use, beliefs, and attitudes related to waterpipe between beginning and established smokers. BMC Public Health, ; 15 1: However it should be noted that recent research has found that men who switched from cigarettes only to pipe only had a risk that was not significantly different from the risk in sustained smokers of cigarettes only, 24 so that the overall main conclusion about pipe smoking is that it is very hazardous and is certainly not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.
However, despite an occasional report on the effect of secondhand smoke in nonsmokers, little attention was given to this aspect of smoking until about For most disease entities, the relative risk of developing tobacco-related disease declines with quitting, increased length of time of cessation and younger age at quitting.
Dental hygiene professionals are encouraged to spread awareness and share resources with their patients for disease prevention and detection.
Extensive studies on the chemical constituents of tobacco smoke and their relationship to disease were published by Hoffmann and Hoffmann of the American Health Foundation 8. Approximately million individuals alive today can expect to be killed by tobacco and million of these deaths will occur in the middle age group.
Throughout Europe in the s, tobacco smoking caused three-quarters of a million deaths in the middle age group. In the past, the primary tumours observed among smokers were the centrally located squamous cell carcinomas of the airways.
The biological significance of tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines: As indicated earlier, there are a number of genes that clearly influence the development of smoke-related diseases.
Various experimental and epidemiological observations support the role of this gene in tobacco-related cancers. Estimating the beginning of the waterpipe epidemic in Syria. Cardiovascular health risks of smoke-exposed women are of particular concern. Combination -- use two or more of the above strategies to focus your topic very narrowly.
Insix years after the settlement of Jamestown, VirginiaJohn Rolfe was credited as the first settler to successfully raise tobacco as a cash crop.
More than two-thirds of nonsmokers believe it; nearly half of all smokers believe it. This level of nicotine in children can permanently alter brain structure and function. Because of the antiestrogenic protective effects of smoking, the role of smoking in breast cancer is controversial.
Secondhand smoke or ETS is a very serious form of indoor air pollution. Glantz S, Parmley WW. A Report of the Surgeon General. Tobacco research paper Control ;13 4: In a recent study in which a comparison with licit-only tobacco smokers was undertaken, current users of chop-chop had significantly greater odds of reporting below-average social functioning OR 1.
Residential radon exposure and lung cancer in Sweden. It is somewhat similar to dipping tobacco but does not require spitting and is significantly lower in TSNAs. Several epidemiological studies examining the factors responsible for the interindividual differences in the susceptibility to tobacco-related cancers and cardiovascular diseases are being performed in the United States, Europe and Japan.
Active and passive cigarette smoking and the occurence of breast cancer. J Occup Environ Med. In the developing worldhowever, tobacco consumption continues to rise at 3. Hoffman D, Hoffman I.Let’s Make the Next Generation Tobacco-Free: Your Guide to the 50th Anniversary Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health [PDF– MB] A short, easy-to-read booklet that summarizes historical information on changes in smoking norms since the release of the first Surgeon General’s Report in Januarynew findings on causes, and solutions.
About second hand smoke. The original Surgeon General's report, followed by this first "hazard" warning on cigarette packages, the subsequent "danger" warning on cigarette packages, the removal of cigarette advertising from television and the inclusion of the "danger" warning in cigarette advertising, were all "blows" of sorts for the tobacco industry.
Research Paper about a Research Paper Name place Professor 05/22/11 Research Paper about a Research Paper Research is a way to formulate questions and ideas used to solve a give problem using of all sorts of sources to collect information that would generate a solution. The topic of tobacco usage is a widespread essay and research paper assignment for college students around the world.
Check this example for help. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences.
This paper will discuss the history of the tobacco industry, its corporate stakeholders and response to their issues, the role of the industry in its social, economic, and political setting, domestic and international ethics, ecological and natural resources, and social issues.Download